I normally start nodered by getting a Admin Command prompt and then type in 'node-red" + Enter, nodered will start to load, (I have made the messages shorter in this post but on my pc I can see the original messages.)
I see you are using an old version of node red and your version of node.js is not the last of the 10.x releases. Does that mean that it used to work ok and has stopped working?
If not then is there a reason you have installed obsolete versions?
Unless you have a good reason then I would suggest upgrading to the latest versions, it may not help but at least it rules those out.
Also make sure that you don't have any contrib nodes installed that you are not using. You can look in Manage Palette to find those, though I am not sure whether that feature was available in that version. The reason for uninstalling them is that it may be a contrib node causing the problem and so removing any you don't need is a good idea.